Vertigos are an illusory sensation or hallucination of movement either of ourselves or of the objects that surround us, which is often accompanied by sweating, nausea and vomiting, and although some pathologies may or may not cause them at some point in their evolution , there are diseases of the inner ear that have it as the main symptom.

Within the different types of vertigo, it is possible to differentiate between peripheral vertigo, which is the one produced by the labyrinth or inner ear injury, and central vertigo, when the lesion that causes it is in the central nervous system.

This is the case of Ménière’s disease, a chronic disease of the inner ear produced by an “endolymphatic hydrops”, that is, by an excess of endolymph, which is the fluid that fills the cavities of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear. Along with the recurrent vertigo, of days of duration, with nausea and vomiting, other symptoms of this pathology are the hipoacusia or perceptive loss or fluctuating sensorineural type, which worsens in the vertigo crises, and the tinnitus, which are almost constant and they increase when a crisis is going to appear. many times the dizziness you have may be because of problems with your teeth

How can you tell if your headache is of dental origin?

Knowing how to diagnose is not easy, so you should always have the help of a specialist in the medical area and your dentist in Tijuana have to be aware.

Benign paroxysmal vertigo and vestibular neuronitis

As its name suggests, vertigo is also the main symptom of benign paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV), a disease of the inner ear that is defined by the appearance of short-lived vertigo crises triggered by a change of position. They do not usually last long and disappear either spontaneously or due to the modification of the position on the part of the sufferer.

Most experts agree that BPPV is the most frequent cause of vertigo. In fact, it represents 35% of vertigo of peripheral origin, a figure that rises to 50% if we take into account people over 60 years. “In this age group, there is a higher incidence of BPPV, which is also more frequent among women,” says Dr. Royo. In this case, the diagnosis of the disease is based “on a typical clinical history and on the appearance of vertigo when performing provocative maneuvers”.

Vestibular neuronitis is another of the diseases that has vertigo as one of its main symptoms. It is characterized by an intense and sudden crisis of rotating vertigo, with large vegetative manifestations and without impaired hearing or tinnitus. It is produced by a sudden and complete failure of the functions of the posterior labyrinth and, although its origin is unknown, the most accepted theory is that it is triggered by an infection by a virus.

This type of vertigo affects men and women equally and its maximum incidence is between 40-50 years of age,. Regarding the diagnosis, the clinical exploration is typical of a peripheral vertigo in acute phase, in addition to an injury of the affected labyrinth.

How to prevent dizziness

To enjoy a life without peripheral vertigo advises:

Avoid the appearance of otitis or cerumen plugs, keeping the ears clean and dry and protecting from cold and drafts.

Periodically undergo a hearing and even eye examination.

Bet on a healthy diet and avoid tobacco and caffeine.

Maintain a good body posture, avoiding lowering the head beyond the shoulders, stretching the neck upwards or making sharp turns.

Decrease the consumption of ototoxic medicines, among which are acetylsalicylic acid, certain diuretic drugs and some anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics.